Create a Series in python – pandas

Series is a one-dimensional labeled array in pandas capable of holding data of any type (integer, string, float, python objects, etc.). In this tutorial we will learn the different ways to create a series in python pandas (create empty series, series from array without index, series from array with index, series from list, series from dictionary and scalar value ). The axis labels are called as indexes. The different ways of creating series in pandas are

  • Create an Empty Series in pandas
  • Create a series from array without indexing
  • Create a series from array with indexing
  • Create a series from dictionary
  • Create a series from scalar value
  • Create a series from list in pandas
  • Create Series from multi list

Multiple series can be combined together to create a dataframe

create series in python pandas 0

 

Create an Empty Series:

A basic series, which can be created is an Empty Series. Below example is for creating an empty series.

# Example Create an Empty Series

import pandas as pd
s = pd.Series()
print s

output:

Series([], dtype: float64)

 

 

Create a series from array without index:

Lets see an example on how to create series from an array.

# Example Create a series from array

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
data = np.array(['a','b','c','d','e','f'])
s = pd.Series(data)
print s

output:

create series in python pandas 1

 

Create a series from array with index:

This example depicts how to create a series in python with index, Index starting from 1000 has been added in the below example.

# Example Create a series from array with specified index

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
data = np.array(['a','b','c','d','e','f'])
s = pd.Series(data,index=[1000,1001,1002,1003,1004,1005])
print s

output:

create series in python pandas 2

 

Create a series from Dictionary

This example depicts how to create a series in python with dictionary. Dictionary keys are used to construct index.

# Example Create a series from dictionary

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
data = {'a' : 0., 'b' : 1., 'c' : 2.}
s = pd.Series(data,index=['b','c','d','a'])
print s

Index order is maintained and the missing element is filled with NaN (Not a Number). So the output will be

output:

create series in python pandas 3

 

Create a series from Scalar value

This example depicts how to create a series in python from scalar value. If data is a scalar value, an index must be provided. The value will be repeated to match the length of index

# create a series from scalar

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
s = pd.Series(7, index=[0, 1, 2, 3])
print s

output:

create series in python pandas 4

 

 

Create a series from List

This example depicts how to create a series in pandas from the list.  pd.series() takes list as input and creates series from it as shown below

# create a series from list

import pandas as pd 
  
# a simple list 
list = ['c', 'v', 'e', 'v', 's'] 
   
# create series form a list 
ser = pd.Series(list) 
ser 

output:

create series in python pandas 5

 

 

Create a series from Multi list

This example depicts how to create a series in pandas from multi list.  pd.series() takes multi list as input and creates series from it as shown below

# create a series from multi list

import pandas as pd 
  
# multi-list 
list = [ ['datascience'], ['made'], ['simple'], ['is'], 
         ['a'], ['blog'], ['for'], ['datascience'],['professional'] ] 
           
# create Pandas Series 
ser = pd.Series((i[0] for i in list)) 
  
ser

output:

create series in python pandas 7

 

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